A fraction is a measure of sharing .
What fraction of these counters is yellow ?
one eighth or one in eight of these counters is yellow
Common fractions are written in the form
The top number (numerator) is divided (÷) by
The bottom number ( denominator)
A proper fraction has a smaller numerator
An improper fraction has a larger numerator,
the top is larger than the bottom.
These are often called top heavy fractions.
What if you don’t know your tables ?
Try dividing top and bottom by 2, 3, 5, or 10
(This method uses prime factors )
Divide the numerator (top) by the denominator (bottom)
Write the quotient, then put the remainder over the denominator.
Simplify if possible.
Times the whole number by the denominator (bottom),
Add the numerator (top).
Write this answer on top of the denominator.